This gem can be a variety of colors from pale almost opaque yellow, to rich translucent gold, to a deep, cloudy orange-red. Amber is an organic gem made of fossilized tree resin that formed tens of millions of years ago, when sap from ancient trees hardened and fossilized. Scientists and collectors treasure amber that contains suspended animal or plant fragments. These fascinating bits of once-living things were trapped in the hardening resin, creating nature’s own time capsule.
Though colorless in a pure state, the mineral beryl forms an exciting variety of colored gemstones. Bright green emerald, sea blue aquamarine, and peach pink morganite are all examples of the beryl family. Lesser known varieties include golden beryl and yellow-green heliodor.
Chalcedony is loved for its glowing, translucent tones and its wide range of colors and shapes.
Diamonds are prized for their purity and brilliance as much as for their hardness and durability.
Garnet is prized for its range of vibrant hues and its brilliance that spans the color spectrum.
Jadeite is revered its soothing smooth texture and lush green hues. Fine jade appears to glow from within, amplifying the mysterious allure of this sensational gem. Jade today refers to two different gems: jadeite jade and nephrite jade.
Like gazing into a starry night, the saturation and depth of color of lapis is inimitable.
This glowing, billowy gem scatters light for phenomenal displays of adularescence or shimmer.
The queen of gems, and the gem of queens.
Pearls are a very eco-friendly choice, because the water in which they grow must be clean and healthy in order to grow beautiful, healthy pearls. The conditions that form pearls are very delicate and involve a myriad of factors such as the temperature of water, pristine unpolluted waters, a natural parasitic intruder or surgically implanted mantle tissue, the density of mollusks, and the quality of the pearl’s environment among others. Our trusted pearl suppliers fight for clean water, and your purchase helps support sustainable farms and environmental advocacy around the world.
Peridot’s signature vibrant green sparkle is an eye-catching variety of the mineral olivine. Peridot is found in lava, deep in the earth’s mantle, and has even been recovered from meteorites.
This extraordinary gem embodies unique play-of-color, the ability to diffract light into flashes of rainbow color. Opals vary from translucent to opaque, from white to blue to black.
Durable, vibrant, and abundant in large sizes, quartz gem varieties are great for big, bold everyday jewelry.
Ruby is the most valuable variety of the corundum mineral species, which also includes sapphires. In their pure state, corundum are colorless. Trace elements that become part of the mineral’s crystal structure cause variations in its color – in the case of the ruby, its fiery red hue is caused by chromium.
Sapphire’s extraordinary blue color is renowned. However, like the endless colors that appear in the sky, sapphires can be found in nearly every shade; from the gold of sunrise to the fleeting violet of twilight. These diverse colors are referred to as “fancy” color sapphires.
Spinel offers a range of hues, from vivid orange to intense red, vibrant pink, and all shades of purple, blue, and violet through bluish green. The higher the chromium content, the stronger the red hue. Orange and purple stones owe their color to a mixture of iron and chromium.
A member of the feldspar family, along with moonstone and labradorite, sunstone ranges in color from pale yellow to red-orange. Tiny platelets of metallic mineral inside the stone itself give this unique gemstone it’s trademark shimmer.
Tanzanite’s appearance is influenced greatly by its pleochroism, which is the ability of a gemstone to show different colors when viewed in different crystal directions. This gem can vary in color from vibrant blue – similar to a fine sapphire – to a violet hue all its own.
Topaz has an exceptionally wide color range that, along with brown, includes various tones and saturations of blue, green, yellow, orange, red, pink, and purple. Colorless topaz is plentiful and is often treated to give it a blue color. This versatile gem is also pleochroic, meaning that it can show different colors in different crystal directions.
While almost all gems are a variety of a single mineral, tourmaline is comprised of a group of minerals. These minerals’ chemical compositions and crystalline structures work in concert to produce tourmalines beautiful coloring. One of the most distinctive features of tourmalines is pleochroism, the presence differing colors or depths of color when the gem is rotated. Tourmaline is unique in that it is pyroelectric, becoming electrically charged when heated, and piezoelectric, electrically charged when squeezed. It grows in a miraculous variety of colors
Turquoise is a vibrant blue stone that ranges from light, bright blue to deep blue-green. It may contain narrow veins of other materials, which are usually black, brown, or yellowish-brown in color. Known as the matrix, these veins sometimes form an intricate pattern called a spider web. Stones that display an unblemished, intense blue color are considered of highest quality.
Natural zircon, known for its vivid colors and dazzling sparkle, is one the most ancient materials on Earth. A gemstone able to withstand incredible pressure, some pieces of Australian zircon date over 4.4 billion years old. Zircon sometimes contains traces of uranium, irradiating itself and changing its properties.